One of the sub-committees created by the FCC’s as part of its Broadband Deployment Advisory Committee (BDAC) effort looked at Removing State and Local Regulatory Barriers to broadband deployment. Here is a preliminary draft of their report, which is probably close to the final report. As noted in other blogs on the BDAC, the FCC is not obligated to address any of the issues identified by the sub-committee.
It’s an interesting document in that the sub-committee has made a detailed list of all of the common transgressions imposed by states and localities that have slowed broadband or wireless deployments in the past. It serves as a great primer of the kind of issues that a new network deployment might face. But to be fair, that was the mandate given to this group.
I have zero problems with the list of deployment issues and it seems thorough and accurate. But I don’t think the proposed solution is realistic. They basically recommend that the FCC should preempt states and localities for anything to do with broadband or wireless deployment. That’s not a surprising recommendation since the group was asked to list regulatory hurdles that should be eliminated. But there are numerous reasons why having the FCC preempt all local control of rights-of-ways connectivity is a bad idea. One reason I hate the idea is that this is at the top of the wish list for every DC telecom lobbyist for the big ISPs – and they seem to be getting their way too much these days.
With that said, the complaints listed are valid and I’ve seen many of these issues arise during new network deployments. I’ve worked with a number of communities that have processes or ordinances that are a barrier to broadband, and I always advise them to fix such problems if they are hoping for more broadband deployment in their community. But if I’ve learned anything from working around the country it’s that communities differ significantly, and I don’t favor a one-size-fits-all solution from the FCC that would take everything to do with rights-of-way, permitting and other issues out of the hands of local government.
But this document creates a great cautionary tale for cities, counties and states. Almost every sized community talks about having better broadband or about having more broadband competition. Many cities have looked at their various processes and rules and streamlined or eliminated rules that would be a barrier for somebody building fiber. Any community that is hoping to attract fiber construction should be proactive and look at these issues now. It’s quite possible that prospective fiber builders have investigated cities and taken them off of their list of potential markets without even talking to the cities.
Some of the issues discussed by this document can be real killers of fiber deployment. Some good examples include:
- Permitting processes that are onerous, require a lot of paperwork and which have issues that make them hard to use, such as only being effective for a few weeks after issuance.
- Other city practices that slow down construction. This could be burdensome traffic control processes, slow inspection of finished work, slow marking of existing utilities. One of the big killers for larger cities is an unwillingness to hire enough temporary city staff to process the volumes of paperwork associated with a large fiber project.
- One interesting issue pointed out is that cities often don’t charge all utilities consistently. They might try to charge more or extract concessions from a new fiber provider that they don’t expect of existing utilities.
The sub-committee also addressed wireless deployments. While many cities have policies for large cell tower deployments, most cities have not developed any processes for dealing with the myriad smaller cell sites and 5G transmitters that carriers are going to want to deploy over the next decade. I would hope that considering the issues listed in this draft report will prompt more cities to develop friendlier policies and not wait until they have requests for connections and rights-of-way. I’ve talked to many cities who have said that they wish they had thought harder about fiber deployment before a network was built – and the time is now to get ahead of the curve for wireless deployments.
This document also ignores one of the biggest issues in the industry. The big ISPs all want rules that make it easier for them to build fiber or deploy new wireless devices – but they don’t necessarily support rules that make it easier for new competitors to build against their existing networks. I’ve repeatedly observed some of the big carriers like AT&T or Verizon argue for different rules on the local level than what they supposedly support at the national level. It will be interesting to see where these companies stand if the FCC tries to implement some of the proposed solutions.