The original net neutrality ruling went into effect in October, 2011. This was an order from the FCC titled In the Matter of Preserving the Open Internet, GN Docket No. 09-191, Report and Order, FCC 10-201, known at the time as the Open Internet Order. Of course, the heart of that order was challenged in court by Verizon which led to the recent net neutrality order earlier this month.
However, there were parts of that original order that were not challenged in court and that are still in effect. There is one important requirement that everybody should notice having to do with disclosure for Internet data products. The disclosure requirements apply to all ISPs, both wireline and wireless. The gist of the requirements are that ISPs should “disclose the network management practices, performance characteristics, and terms and conditions of their broadband service.”
In the Order, the FCC included a long list of the types of information that would satisfy the disclosure requirement. ISPs should be reporting the following facts to their customers:
- Congestion Management. Descriptions of congestion management practices; types of traffic subject to practices; purposes served by practices; practices’ effects on end users’ experience; criteria used in practices, such as indicators of congestion that trigger a practice, and the typical frequency of congestion; usage limits and the consequences of exceeding them; and references to engineering standards, where appropriate.
- Application-Specific Behavior. Whether and why the provider blocks or rate-controls specific protocols or protocol ports, modifies protocol fields in ways not prescribed by the protocol standard, or otherwise inhibits or favors certain applications or classes of applications.
- Device Attachment Rules. Any restrictions on the types of devices and any approval procedures for devices to connect to the network.
- Security. Practices used to ensure end-user security or security of the network
- Service Description. A general description of the service, including the service technology, expected and actual access speed and latency, and the suitability of the service for real-time applications. (Emphasis mine.)
- Impact of Specialized Services. What specialized services, if any, are offered to end users, and whether and how any specialized services may affect the last-mile capacity available for, and the performance of, broadband Internet access service.
- Pricing. Monthly prices, usage-based fees, and fees for early termination or additional network services.
- Privacy Policies. Whether network management practices entail inspection of network traffic, and whether traffic information is stored, provided to third parties, or used by the carrier for non-network management purposes.
- Redress Options. Practices for resolving end-user and edge provider complaints and questions.
I know that many ISPs took note of this requirement at the time of the original order. But most assumed that when the courts vacated the net neutrality provisions of the order that the entire order was vacated.
If you have a good network, these are things that you want to be telling your customers. And if you think you have a better network than your competitors then you also want to make sure that your competitors are disclosing this same kind of information. The most interesting thing on the list of requirements is a disclosure of actual speeds, as opposed to advertised speeds. I know that this is a really big deal in rural markets where the large companies often advertise their urban products that are not actually available in smaller markets with older technology.
If you have not put together this sort of disclosure, you really need to do so. It’s somewhat surprising that no customer has ever complained to the FCC about ISPs not making these disclosures. I would guess that everybody got so confused by the court cases that the requirement got lost in the shuffle. I recall years ago that the same sort of thing happened with the original access charge order in 1984, where some sections were challenged and overturned while others went into immediate effect. In any event, if you haven’t made these disclosures you should do so, and you also ought to look to make sure that your competitors have done the same.