There a number of towns that already have fiber. Most of these just happen to be lucky enough to be close to an independent telephone company or other business that has decided to invest in fiber in their neighborhood. And some towns have taken it upon themselves and have built fiber networks to everybody. But the vast majority of cities don’t foresee any options to get fiber, particularly if they don’t want to build it themselves, or if they live in a state where they are prohibited from building fiber.
I am starting to see a large number of RFPs (requests for proposals) from smaller town that are asking somebody to please come and serve them. I haven’t counted them, but I would not be surprised if I’ve seen 150 such RFPs in the last two years.
Sadly these RFPs rarely work. There are a few successes. For instance, the announcement that Google is coming to Huntsville AL started with an RFP looking for a partner. But Huntsville is a large metropolitan area and very different than smaller towns who issue the same plea.
The whole RFP process is an odd one and is almost guaranteed to fail. Generally small towns will describe everything they want from a fiber provider and then plead for somebody to come with their own private money and build fiber. This process demonstrates some financial naivete because the cities almost invariably present a list of ‘demands’ for how they want the fiber business to operate. They are failing to recognize that anybody with the money to build fiber is going to get to call the shots and that smaller communities have little role in the process other than to say yes or no to somebody who wants to build fiber. I also find it extremely unlikely that a serious fiber investor would negotiate in a public forum like an RFP. And even if they did, the investor would be the one telling the City what they need, and not the other way around.
But the existence of so many fiber RFPs shows the building level of desperation of cities to get fiber. I assume that before cities issue RFPs that they have already talked to potential nearby service providers and found no takers. I see these RFPs as a last ditch effort to find somebody willing to invest in the needed infrastructure in their City.
Cities are also looking at more creative solutions. I just saw last week that the City of Ammon, Idaho is looking to create what they call a ‘fiber optic district’. This would be a tax district similar to special districts established to pay for fire protection, water systems and all sorts of other public benefits. It’s an interesting concept in that it puts those living within a district on the hook to somehow help to pay for fiber. There have been a few other communities around the country who have obtained some kind of property tax lien or other pledge from citizens to pay for fiber. But this is the first time that I’ve heard it being considered as a special taxing district.
The Ammon idea has a twist, and if I read it right it’s a voluntary tax district in that only those that agree to pay for fiber would be on the hook. I know just enough about municipal law to see all sorts of problems in that part of the idea. But even if the way that Ammon wants to do this doesn’t work out as planned, the idea of putting citizens on the hook for part of the funding for fiber is a good one. Lenders always care about recourse – who is going to pay them back if a project fails. If the citizens of a city want fiber badly enough to be that recourse it’s going to be a lot easier to fund fiber.
It’s going to take more ideas like the Ammon one to get fiber to small-town America. As cities become increasingly desperate for fiber I expect to see more creative ideas being used to finance networks. There are a whole lot more communities that want fiber than there are overbuilders willing or able to invest, and that means communities have to go the extra mile to make it onto an overbuilder’s list of potential opportunities.