Pew Research Center has done a new survey that tries to quantify the importance that people place on broadband. They gave this same survey in 2010 and the new survey lets us see how the response to questions about broadband have changed over time. Here are a few of the new results:
- 52% of people feel that those without the Internet are at a major disadvantage for finding out about job opportunities or obtaining new career skills. Only 25% thought that this is not a disadvantage.
- 46% thought those without broadband are at a major disadvantage for learning about or accessing government services.
- 44% think lack of broadband is a disadvantage for learning new things that will improve or enrich people’s lives.
- And probably most significant, 69% of respondents in general felt that people without internet access have a major disadvantage.
We can also see how those same three responses have changed just since 2010.
- Those that feel that the Internet is needed for job skills has grown from 43% to 52%.
- Those that feel that the Internet is needed for access government services has grown from 29% to 46%.
- Those that feel that access to broadband enriches people’s lives has grown from 41% to 44%.
- In 2010 56% of people overall thought not having access to the Internet was a disadvantage, and that is now 69%.
For every question studied the percentage of African-Americans, Hispanics and young adults (ages 18-29) that thought the Internet was vital was higher than other groups.
Interestingly, those without home broadband access at home were slightly less likely to think that not having broadband is a major disadvantage. For example, in the recent poll 65% of them thought not having broadband was a major disadvantage compared to 69% of all respondents. But this is also the group that saw the biggest change since 2010 when only 35% of non-broadband households thought that was a disadvantage.
These kinds of surveys are interesting, but of course there are a hundred other questions you’d like to see asked. But sticking to the same questions that were asked in 2010 show how much the importance of broadband has grown in just five years.
I see this shift every day. I’ve been helping communities look for broadband solutions for nearly 15 years. Years ago when a community wanted to talk about broadband there were generally two reasons for it. First was economic development, meaning either attracting new jobs to a community or keeping the existing jobs from leaving. Secondly, communities wanted to get some price competition and thought that the incumbent providers didn’t care about their communities.
But today the demand for better broadband comes from citizens demanding a solution from local politicians. People hear of other communities that have found a way to bring broadband and they want the same. People without broadband are starting to feel like they are being left behind – and to a great extent they are. This kind of survey just reaffirms what we already know.